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Women's Labour Migration in ASEAN: Social protection

— theme: Rights and protection of migrants
— country: ASEAN

This Policy Brief provides an overview of the social protection mechanisms available to women migrant workers in ASEAN, identifying good practices and making recommendations for improvements. The Policy Brief highlights the importance of the portability of social protection and the challenges for women migrant workers in claiming social protection from employers and states. The right to social protection is enshrined in the Universal Declaration of Human Rights (1948), Article 22, and recalled in the ASEAN Cebu Declaration on Migrant Workers, 2007.1 Since the formation of the International Labour Organization (ILO) in 1919, there have been 31 Conventions and 24 Recommendations adopted to make social protection a reality for all. The most recent instrument is the Social Protection Floor Recommendation, 2012 (No. 202), which Cambodia, Indonesia, the Lao People’s Democratic Republic, Malaysia, Myanmar, Philippines, Thailand, and Viet Nam have already taken measures to implement. However, the reality of accessing social protection remains especially challenging for women migrant workers who have different needs to men and often work in undocumented and informal employment that is rarely covered by government social protection schemes.

Jenna Holliday
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