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Indonesia: Aceh Migration Operation, Final Report DREF Operation n° MDRID016

Indonesia: Aceh Migration Operation, Final Report DREF Operation n° MDRID016

Description of the disaster Arrival of Two Boats carrying migrants in Aceh, Indonesia On 24 June 2020, three local fishermen rescued 99 migrants from a damaged boat on Lancok Coast, North Aceh district. The migrants were brought to shore and transferred to a training facility owned by the Lhokseumawe City government. After a headcount, it was disclosed that the group consisted of 31 women, 40 girls, 16 boys, and 12 men. Due to language barrier, it was challenging to establish communication with the migrants. However, a migrant who spoke English and Malay was later identified among the group. It was revealed that the group departed from Cox’s Bazar, Bangladesh and may have been at sea for up to four months and that an additional 17 migrants initially aboard the boat, may have died during the journey. With permission from local government, the migrants were permitted to remain in the facility. Needs assessment was conducted jointly through local coordination on the ground involving several organizations, including UNHCR, IOM, PMI, Jesuit Refugee Services (JRS), Getanyoe Foundation, in coordination with the local authorities. Several organizations including PMI, UNHCR, and IOM were granted permission to work in the facility to support the migrants.

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Rural Migration News

Rural Migration News

Guest worker programs aim to add workers temporarily to the labor force without adding permanent residents to the population. Most countries have hire-local-workers first policies, so they limit foreign workers to jobs that cannot be filled by local workers. Most 20th century programs were begun as temporary bridges to a future when guest workers would no longer be needed, as with Mexican Braceros in the US during WWII or Gastarbeiter in Germany in the 1960s.

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IOM Lao People's Democratic Republic COVID-19 Situation Report #9 (Jan 2021)

IOM Lao People's Democratic Republic COVID-19 Situation Report #9 (Jan 2021)

The COVID-19 pandemic has caused more than 105 million confirmed cases and over 2.3 million deaths around the globe since 16 January 2020. The outbreak has caused unprecedented impacts on human mobility, leaving migrants and mobile populations among the most vulnerable.

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Guideline On Dispute Resolution for Migrant Worker Grievances

Guideline On Dispute Resolution for Migrant Worker Grievances

The purpose of the Dispute Resolution Guidelines for Resolving Migrant Worker Grievances is to set out the process for resolving migrant worker grievances as defined in Prakas No. 249. The Guidelines include key definitions and implementation principles and clarify what needs to occur at each step of the process and issues that should be considered throughout. Most importantly, the Guidelines clarify the roles and responsibilities of key stakeholders, including the PDOLVT and MOLVT, the complainant, MRCs or other service providers, and the respondent or Private Recruitment Agency (PRA). The Dispute Resolution Guidelines for Resolving Migrant Worker Grievances is a practical reference for labour officials, service providers and other stakeholders to use when supporting Cambodian migrant workers through the dispute resolution process.

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Guideline on Dispute Resolution of Migrant Worker Grievances

Guideline on Dispute Resolution of Migrant Worker Grievances

The Guideline is a reference for labour officials, Migrant Worker Resource Centre (MRC) staff, service providers, and stakeholders to use to support migrant workers through the dispute resolution process. This document summarises key points in the Dispute Resolution process and provides information for potential complainants.

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Ensuring migrant workers access to justice: An assessment of Thailand’s Migrant Workers Assistance Centers

Ensuring migrant workers access to justice: An assessment of Thailand’s Migrant Workers Assistance Centers

This report is the result of an assessment of the Migrant Workers Assistance Centers made by the ILO upon a request from the Ministry of Labour. The assessment aimed to holistically review the Migrant Workers Assistance Center model and provide recommendations on how to enhance the centres’ effectiveness in delivering services to migrant workers. This report outlines the structure and mandates of the centres, reviews their achievements to date, and provides a set of recommendations on how the centres can be further strengthened to ensure that a larger number of migrant workers will be able to access quality services and seek redress for their complaints.

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From crisis to opportunity for sustainable peace: A joint perspective on responding to the health, employment and peacebuilding challenges in times of COVID-19

From crisis to opportunity for sustainable peace: A joint perspective on responding to the health, employment and peacebuilding challenges in times of COVID-19

This joint paper by the ILO, the WHO, Interpeace and the UN Peacebuilding Support Office (PBSO) of the Department of Political and Peacebuilding Affairs examines key policy and programmatic considerations for international health and employment interventions responding to COVID-19 in conflict-affected countries. It outlines a range of important peacebuilding considerations and highlights significant contributions the WHO and the ILO are making to mitigate the impacts of the pandemic.

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The migrant pay gap: Understanding wage differences between migrants and nationals

The migrant pay gap: Understanding wage differences between migrants and nationals

This report analyses how migrant wages have evolved in 49 countries before the COVID-19 pandemic. It details the difficulties faced by migrants in receiving the same pay as nationals. It examines gender discrimination affecting women migrants and the difficulties migrants have in getting a job that corresponds to their level of education. It also includes first indications of the impact of the COVID-19 crisis on migrant workers.

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Healthcare financing and social protection policies for migrant workers in Malaysia

Healthcare financing and social protection policies for migrant workers in Malaysia

For Malaysia, a nation highly dependent on migrant labour, the large non-citizen workforce presents a unique health system challenge. Although documented migrant workers are covered by mandatory healthcare insurance (SPIKPA), financial constraints remain a major barrier for non-citizen healthcare access. Malaysia recently extended protection for migrant workers under the national social security scheme (SOCSO), previously exclusive to citizens. This study aims to evaluate healthcare financing and social security policies for migrant workers to identify policy gaps and opportunities for intervention.

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Employment and decent work in refugee and other forced displacement contexts

Employment and decent work in refugee and other forced displacement contexts

In line with the structure of the 2016 ILO’s Guiding Principles on the access of refugees and other forcibly displaced persons to the labour market, the compendium synthesizes the main lessons learned and emerging good practices on ILO’s refugee response programmes that have been more systematically captured since 2013 in the areas related to governance framework, economic and employment policies, labour rights and equality of opportunities, along with partnership, coordination and coherence. The compendium is built on the ILO’s expertise in providing access to decent work, notably through its large-scale and comprehensive interventions in responding to the Syrian refugee situation in Turkey, Lebanon and Jordan and more recently in supporting constituents to address the labour market challenges posed by the Venezuelan displacement situation and in the Horn of Africa and North Africa under the Partnership for improving prospects for forcibly displaced persons and host communities (PROSPECTS), funded by the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Netherlands. This compendium makes the case as to why employment and decent work should be part of a comprehensive response for refugees and FDPs and host communities, and for the ILO’s increased engagement in this area. Through the compendium, the ILO also seeks to reinforce coordination and coherence across its technical branches and field offices, as well as with partner organizations in operationalizing access to decent work for refugees and other FDPs. The compendium is the result of a collaborative effort within the ILO between the Labour Migration Branch (MIGRANT), the Development and Investment Branch (DEVINVEST) and the Office of the Director General for Policy.

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Global Wage Report 2020-21: Wages and minimum wages in the time of COVID-19

Global Wage Report 2020-21: Wages and minimum wages in the time of COVID-19

This ILO flagship report examines the evolution of real wages around the world, giving a unique picture of wage trends globally and by region. The 2020-21 edition analyses the relationship of minimum wages and inequality, as well as the wage impacts of the COVID-19 crisis.

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Migrant workers and COVID-19

Migrant workers and COVID-19

Daily numbers of COVID-19 in Singapore from March to May 2020, the cause of a surge in cases in April and the national response were examined, and regulations on migrant worker accommodation studied.

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The outbreak of Covid-19 in Malaysia: Pushing migrant workers at the margin

The outbreak of Covid-19 in Malaysia: Pushing migrant workers at the margin

Experiences in other countries such as Singapore and the Gulf countries have taught us that precarious living conditions and poor access to health care have contributed significantly to rapid transmission of COVID-19. National policy and measures to flatten the curve of the pandemic require significant consideration of issues facing migrant workers, including fulfilling their basic needs, guaranteeing their welfare and upholding labour standards. In Malaysia, prior to COVID-19 outbreak, migrant workers were already living in cramped workers’ accommodation and unsanitary conditions, with poor access to healthcare, further exacerbated by the lack of workers’ protection. The implementation of various phases of Malaysia’s Movement Control Orders (MCOs) and the way the government addresses the situation facing migrant workers have significant negative consequences on their already precarious living and working conditions. This includes a growing number of positive COVID-19 cases found among migrant workers in May 2020 onwards. This study is a preliminary research, leveraging existing secondary sources with a view to generate initial findings for further in-depth research. This study ends with several short-term policy recommendations such as making COVID-19 containment measures a legal commitment, and implementing a nation-wide regularization programme to legalize the immigration status of undocumented migrant workers.

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COVID-19 (Coronavirus) Response

COVID-19 (Coronavirus) Response

Effective social protection systems are crucial to safeguarding the poor and vulnerable when crisis hits. Yet, in many countries, such systems remain limited in coverage and will need significant upgrading to respond to a pandemic like COVID-19 (Coronavirus). To help protect individuals and communities from the adverse impacts of the pandemic, the World Bank Group is prepared to deploy up to $160 billion over the next 15 months to support measures that will help countries cope with immediate health consequences and bolster economic recovery. This will include efforts in strengthening social safety nets to help prevent vulnerable groups from falling (deeper) into poverty, as well as supporting businesses and overall economic resilience.

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Nepal Labour Migration Report 2020

Nepal Labour Migration Report 2020

This is an effort to present a comprehensive overview of labour migration from Nepal , with an emphasis on the years 2017/18 and 2018/19.

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Global Study on Recruitment Fees and Related Costs

Global Study on Recruitment Fees and Related Costs

This Global Comparative Study on Recruitment Fees and Related Costs was prepared ahead of the Tripartite Meeting of Experts on Recruitment Fees and Related Costs, which took place in Geneva from 14 to 16 November 2018. It brings together the findings from five regional reports that examined 90 national government responses, 18 bilateral agreements and 12 multistakeholder initiatives. The analysis of findings provides a clearer picture of how Member States have addressed the issue of recruitment fees and related costs at the policy level. Overall, the report advances ILO’s work on promoting Fair Recruitment, in particular to reduce recruitment fees and related costs paid by workers.

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Migrant Voices - Stories of India’s Internal Migrant Workers During the COVID-19 Pandemic

Migrant Voices - Stories of India’s Internal Migrant Workers During the COVID-19 Pandemic

In March 2020, the Indian Government declared a nationwide lockdown as a response to the COVID-19 pandemic. As a result, hundreds of thousands of internal migrants in India decided to leave the cities where they worked to return to their hometowns, using any available means of transport. Many of them decided to walk hundreds of miles and many died during their journey. The stories featured in this publication shares the workers’ rationale for going back to their villages as they had no means of survival in the cities. It also looks at the role of the private sector’s failure to act with accountability and responsibility to protect their workers and the Indian government’s, its citizens. India’s migrant crisis offers lessons on governance gaps for the business and human rights community in other countries in Asia, Africa, and Latin America, such as China, Thailand, Indonesia, Myanmar, Kenya, Uganda, Nigeria, South Africa, or Brazil, amongst others, who are reliant on workers to leave their villages to work in cities. It shows the Government’s inability to make necessary protection availables for migrant workers whose living conditions (such as in congested facilities or in urban slums) expose them to infections. It also shows the inadequacies of weak infrastructure, overrun by the stresses of a major lockdown. It shows the failures on the part of many of the workers’ employers - large and small, state and private - who did not provide income support, essential services, healthcare, or other relief.

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Infographic: International labour migration trends from Pakistan

Infographic: International labour migration trends from Pakistan

Charts that depicts international labour migration trends from Pakistan

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Infographic: Business practices of Pakistani recruitment agencies and the role of intermediaries in foreign employment

Infographic: Business practices of Pakistani recruitment agencies and the role of intermediaries in foreign employment

Charts that depict business practices of Pakistani recruitment agencies and the role of intermediaries in foreign employment.

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Infographic: Female labour migration from Pakistan

Infographic: Female labour migration from Pakistan

Charts that depict female labour migration from Pakistan.

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