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Issue Paper: Promoting international cooperation and partnerships in addressing labour migration between Asia and the Gulf Cooperation Council countries

— theme: Labour migration policy, Cooperation among multiple stakeholders
— country: South Asia, Arab States
— type: Working Papers

Issue Paper: Promoting international cooperation and partnerships in addressing labour migration between Asia and the Gulf Cooperation Council countries Labour migration from Asia to the Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC) States represents one of the fastest growing and most dynamic labour flows in the world. While migration to these wealthy states provides higher wages for the workers, fills labour shortages for the destination country, and provides the origin country with lucrative foreign exchange remittances, abuses in the recruitment and living and working conditions of these migrant workers have been well-documented, and are of concern to a large number of stakeholders, both in origin and destination countries, in the private sector, and among trade unions and civil society partners. This paper was prepared for the ILO Regional Offices for Arab States and for Asia the Pacific, Realizing a Fair Migration Agenda: Labour Flows between Asia and Arab States Experts Meeting, held in Kathmandu in December 2014. The paper highlights the importance of cooperation among the many stakeholders involved in international labour migration and the forms of cooperation that have been implemented in the two regions. Best practices and areas for improvement of bilateral labour agreements (BLAs) and Memorandum of Understanding (MOU) are presented. The paper also discusses the relative progressive that trade union agreements have made in the area of improving fair migration, with cases from South and South-East Asia and the Arab States analysed. The paper concludes with a series of recommendations.

Author/Editor
ILO Regional Office for Asia and the Pacific; ILO Regional Office for Arab States
Publishing Year
2015
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