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Issue Paper: Fair recruitment in international labour migration between Asia and the Gulf Cooperation Council countries

— theme: Labour migration policy, Pre-employment and recruitment policies and practices
— country: South Asia, Arab States
— type: Working Papers

Issue Paper: Fair recruitment in international labour migration between Asia and the Gulf Cooperation Council Labour migration from Asia to the Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC) States represents one of the fastest growing and most dynamic labour flows in the world. While migration to these wealthy States provides higher wages for the workers, fills labour shortages in the destination country, and provides the origin country with lucrative foreign exchange remittances, the complicated and expensive processes associated with migrating for work have created a regime which lends itself to exploitative recruitment and working conditions for migrant workers. This paper was prepared for the ILO Regional Offices for Arab States and for Asia the Pacific, Realizing a Fair Migration Agenda: Labour Flows between Asia and Arab States Experts Meeting, held in Kathmandu in December 2014. The paper provides an overview of the international labour standards on recruitment, and current practices in countries of origin and destination, in particular the role that private recruitment agencies play. The main issues for achieving a fair migration system are analysed, including the political economy behind recruitment, and the potential to make international labour recruitment fair and transparent. The report concludes by putting forward a number of recommendations related to legislation and enforcement, expanding recruitment options beyond private enterprises, empowering powers to realise their rights, and promotion of fair business standards and practices.

Author/Editor
ILO Regional Office for Asia and the Pacific; ILO Regional Office for Arab States
Publishing Year
2015
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