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Ensuring migrant workers access to justice: An assessment of Thailand’s Migrant Workers Assistance Centers

Ensuring migrant workers access to justice: An assessment of Thailand’s Migrant Workers Assistance Centers

This report is the result of an assessment of the Migrant Workers Assistance Centers made by the ILO upon a request from the Ministry of Labour. The assessment aimed to holistically review the Migrant Workers Assistance Center model and provide recommendations on how to enhance the centres’ effectiveness in delivering services to migrant workers. This report outlines the structure and mandates of the centres, reviews their achievements to date, and provides a set of recommendations on how the centres can be further strengthened to ensure that a larger number of migrant workers will be able to access quality services and seek redress for their complaints.

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Employment and decent work in refugee and other forced displacement contexts

Employment and decent work in refugee and other forced displacement contexts

In line with the structure of the 2016 ILO’s Guiding Principles on the access of refugees and other forcibly displaced persons to the labour market, the compendium synthesizes the main lessons learned and emerging good practices on ILO’s refugee response programmes that have been more systematically captured since 2013 in the areas related to governance framework, economic and employment policies, labour rights and equality of opportunities, along with partnership, coordination and coherence. The compendium is built on the ILO’s expertise in providing access to decent work, notably through its large-scale and comprehensive interventions in responding to the Syrian refugee situation in Turkey, Lebanon and Jordan and more recently in supporting constituents to address the labour market challenges posed by the Venezuelan displacement situation and in the Horn of Africa and North Africa under the Partnership for improving prospects for forcibly displaced persons and host communities (PROSPECTS), funded by the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Netherlands. This compendium makes the case as to why employment and decent work should be part of a comprehensive response for refugees and FDPs and host communities, and for the ILO’s increased engagement in this area. Through the compendium, the ILO also seeks to reinforce coordination and coherence across its technical branches and field offices, as well as with partner organizations in operationalizing access to decent work for refugees and other FDPs. The compendium is the result of a collaborative effort within the ILO between the Labour Migration Branch (MIGRANT), the Development and Investment Branch (DEVINVEST) and the Office of the Director General for Policy.

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Global Wage Report 2020-21: Wages and minimum wages in the time of COVID-19

Global Wage Report 2020-21: Wages and minimum wages in the time of COVID-19

This ILO flagship report examines the evolution of real wages around the world, giving a unique picture of wage trends globally and by region. The 2020-21 edition analyses the relationship of minimum wages and inequality, as well as the wage impacts of the COVID-19 crisis.

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Global Study on Recruitment Fees and Related Costs

Global Study on Recruitment Fees and Related Costs

This Global Comparative Study on Recruitment Fees and Related Costs was prepared ahead of the Tripartite Meeting of Experts on Recruitment Fees and Related Costs, which took place in Geneva from 14 to 16 November 2018. It brings together the findings from five regional reports that examined 90 national government responses, 18 bilateral agreements and 12 multistakeholder initiatives. The analysis of findings provides a clearer picture of how Member States have addressed the issue of recruitment fees and related costs at the policy level. Overall, the report advances ILO’s work on promoting Fair Recruitment, in particular to reduce recruitment fees and related costs paid by workers.

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Infographic: International labour migration trends from Pakistan

Infographic: International labour migration trends from Pakistan

Charts that depicts international labour migration trends from Pakistan

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Infographic: Business practices of Pakistani recruitment agencies and the role of intermediaries in foreign employment

Infographic: Business practices of Pakistani recruitment agencies and the role of intermediaries in foreign employment

Charts that depict business practices of Pakistani recruitment agencies and the role of intermediaries in foreign employment.

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Infographic: Female labour migration from Pakistan

Infographic: Female labour migration from Pakistan

Charts that depict female labour migration from Pakistan.

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The 13th ASEAN Forum on Migrant Labour (AFML)

The 13th ASEAN Forum on Migrant Labour (AFML)

Viet Nam, as the Chair of ASEAN in 2020, hosted the 13th ASEAN Forum on Migrant Labour (AFML) in Ha Noi, Viet Nam, and online on 10 and 12 November 2020. In response to the theme of ASEAN Chair 2020 “Cohesive and Responsive” and taking into account the current situation of COVID-19, the 13th AFML was organized with the theme “Supporting Migrant Workers during the Pandemic for a Cohesive and Responsive ASEAN Community”. Under this theme two subthemes were defined: Sub-theme 1. Impact of COVID-19 on Migrant Workers and Responses in ASEAN, and Sub-theme 2. Cohesive and Responsive Labour Migration Policy for Future Preparedness in ASEAN.

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A framework for measuring international labour migration based on a combination of data sources with numerical illustration in the case of Turkey

A framework for measuring international labour migration based on a combination of data sources with numerical illustration in the case of Turkey

A report on the framework for measuring international labour migration based on a combination of data sources with numerical illustration in the case of Turkey.

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Development of methodologies for the collection of data on international labour migration: A Strategy paper

Development of methodologies for the collection of data on international labour migration: A Strategy paper

A strategy paper on development of methodologies for the collection of data on international labour migration.

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Handbook on social health protection for refugees: Approaches, lessons learned and practical tools to assess coverage options

Handbook on social health protection for refugees: Approaches, lessons learned and practical tools to assess coverage options

The purpose of this handbook is to guide UNHCR public health and programme staff and ILO staff working on social protection at country level on the considerations and practical steps required to assess options for the inclusion of refugees in national social health protection schemes.

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ILO Chief of Labour Migration joins the UN Network on Migration briefing for Member States to discuss new UN system-wide guidance being developed on rights-based, gender responsive bilateral labour migration agreements through a working group

ILO Chief of Labour Migration joins the UN Network on Migration briefing for Member States to discuss new UN system-wide guidance being developed on rights-based, gender responsive bilateral labour migration agreements through a working group

ILO joined the UN Network on Migration for a briefing to Member States. With the COVID-19 pandemic highlighting the flaws in labour migration governance across many regions, ILO stressed how cooperation, including through BLMA, can strengthen sustainable responses ensuring migrants workers’ rights and decent work

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Speakers' interventions at the virtual event "How employment and decent work can contribute to peace and social cohesion in the time of the COVID-19 crisis"

Speakers' interventions at the virtual event "How employment and decent work can contribute to peace and social cohesion in the time of the COVID-19 crisis"

The virtual event discussed the key contribution of employment and decent work to peacebuilding, social cohesion and social justice, in particular in the time of the COVID-19 crisis.

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Estimating Earnings Losses of Migrant Workers Due to COVID-19

Estimating Earnings Losses of Migrant Workers Due to COVID-19

While the wide-ranging impact of COVID-19 on incomes and livelihoods of people around the world will take some time to become known and understood, it is already clear that those who are in manual, mostly low-wage, occupations are among the worst-hit workers. This paper uses data from a sample survey of migrant workers to come up with useful parameters for estimating the potential losses from possible retrenchment of migrant workers due to the pandemic. The paper employs a simple estimation model using parameters derived from data collected from a KNOMADILO survey of low-skilled migrant workers in the India–Saudi Arabia migration corridor, conducted during 2016–2017. An important fnding is that the aggregate losses that low-skilled Indian workers in Saudi Arabia are likely to incur due to COVID-19-related retrenchment may be as high as 21% of their expected earnings. Adding recruitment costs can push up their losses to 36% of expected or potential earnings, while the aggregate remittances to their families could drop by USD 2 billion.

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Projection of the Effects of the COVID-19 Pandemic on the Welfare of Remittance-Dependent Households in the Philippines

The Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19) is inevitably affecting remittance-dependent countries through economic downturns in the destination countries, and restrictions on travel and sending remittances to their home country. We explore the potential impacts of the COVID-19 pandemic on the welfare of remittance-dependent households using a dataset collected in the Philippines prior to the outbreak. First, we confirm that remittances are associated with welfare of households, particularly for those whose head is male or lower educated. Then, we use the revision of the 2020 GDP projections before and after the COVID-19 crisis to gauge potential impacts on households caused by the pandemic. We find that remittance inflow will decrease by 14–20% and household spending per capita will decline by 1–2% (food expenditure per capita by 2–3%) in one year as a result of the pandemic.

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Coronavirus disease (COVID-19) and migrant remittances- Protecting an economic lifeline

Coronavirus disease (COVID-19) and migrant remittances- Protecting an economic lifeline

Remittances constitute a global lifeline for people across the planet, especially in low- and middle-income countries. Their importance has even exceeded that of foreign aid, private capital flows and foreign direct investment in developing countries. The COVID-19 pandemic has severely impacted remittance inflows to Africa, mainly owing to the situation that African migrants face in destination countries, many of which have been the greatly affected by the pandemic, and the disruption of the operations of remittance service providers. Based on World Bank projections, the Economic Commission for Africa (ECA) projects that remittance inflows to Africa could decline by 21 per cent in 2020, implying $18 billion less will go to the people who rely on that money. It is therefore critical to preserve this essential lifeline. As the world enters an economic downturn, remittance flows will be more important than ever for the poorest and most vulnerable people, in particular those without access to economic and social safety nets. Governments across the world should take effective action to facilitate and boost remittances in view of supporting the fight against COVID-19 and ultimately building a more sustainable post-pandemic world. Against this backdrop, ECA and ONE Campaign have analyzed the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic globally and in Africa, and have explored ways to attenuate the socio-economic consequences and preserve remittance lifeline.

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Projection of the Effects of the COVID-19 Pandemic on the Welfare of Remittance-Dependent Households in the Philippines

Projection of the Effects of the COVID-19 Pandemic on the Welfare of Remittance-Dependent Households in the Philippines

The Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19) is inevitably affecting remittance-dependent countries through economic downturns in the destination countries, and restrictions on travel and sending remittances to their home country. We explore the potential impacts of the COVID-19 pandemic on the welfare of remittance-dependent households using a dataset collected in the Philippines prior to the outbreak. First, we confirm that remittances are associated with welfare of households, particularly for those whose head is male or lower educated. Then, we use the revision of the 2020 GDP projections before and after the COVID-19 crisis to gauge potential impacts on households caused by the pandemic. We find that remittance inflow will decrease by 14–20% and household spending per capita will decline by 1–2% (food expenditure per capita by 2–3%) in one year as a result of the pandemic.

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Recruitment agency business practices and role of intermediaries in the foreign employment industry in Pakistan

Recruitment agency business practices and role of intermediaries in the foreign employment industry in Pakistan

This study employs a combination of quantitative and qualitative methodologies for the profiling of recruitment intermediaries, understanding their business practices and developing a set of recommendations for effective management.

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Synthesis report: Skills shortages and labour migration in the field of information and communication technology in Canada, China, Germany, India, Indonesia, Singapore and Thailand

Synthesis report: Skills shortages and labour migration in the field of information and communication technology in Canada, China, Germany, India, Indonesia, Singapore and Thailand

Digitalization is a key driver of change. As information and communication technology (ICT) continues to advance and digital technologies are further integrated into sectors across our economies, the skills that are needed the most also continue to change and are increasingly in demand. To better understand the implications for the world of work, the ILO’s ‘Future of Work in Information and Communication Technology (ICT)’ project has for the past two-and-a-half years conducted in-depth research on anticipated needs for skilled ICT workers and formulating strategies to address labour shortages, including the scaling up of investments in ICT education and training, and better governed international labour migration. This report, the last of a series of three reports, summarizes the project’s findings, which were formulated on the basis of research conducted in Canada, China, Germany, India, Indonesia, Singapore and Thailand. It provides an overview of: (a) trends in the ICT sector, ICT labour markets and the migration of ICT workers; (b) the potential demand for skilled workers and current and anticipated skills mismatches in the digital economy; and (c) strategies for improving ICT education and training. Furthermore, it summarizes the key research findings and outlines possible policy responses that could be adopted with a view to scaling up current initiatives to advance decent work opportunities in the digital economy.

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Policy Brief: Improving recruitment agency business practices in Sri Lanka

Policy Brief: Improving recruitment agency business practices in Sri Lanka

This Policy Brief provides suggestions for Licensed Foreign Employment Agents (LFEAs), the SLFBFE and other stakeholders in the recruitment industry on improving business practices in the recruitment of workers for foreign employment and reducing and eventually shifting costs away from workers. This policy brief complements the full research report, ILO (2020) Improving recruitment agency business practices in Sri Lanka.

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