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Migration within developing countries widespread, but declining

The Times of India - June 26, 2012. "A migrant from a developing country is almost as likely to go to another developing country as he or she is to go to a rich country, new findings from the United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs' Population Division show. However the importance of migration within developing countries is on the wane; south-north migrants outnumbered south-south migrants for the first time in 2010."

"Contrary to the popular image of migration as the movement of residents from developing countries (or the "global south") to more developed countries (the "global north"), the UN numbers show that in 2010, 73 million persons whose country of origin was a developing country were residing in another developing country, while 74 million migrants from developing countries were living in developed countries.

However, the importance of south-south migration in global trends is declining, and south-north migration is increasingly the biggest driver of global migration. Twenty years ago, south-south migrants (60 million) outnumbered south-north migrants (40 million) by 50 per cent. In 2010, for the first time, south-north migrants outnumbered south-south migrants.

In comparison, migrants from developed countries are much more likely to migrate to other developed countries; 53 million people migrated from the global north to the north, while just 13 million migrated north-south.

The majority of international migrants from Asian countries (56%) are likely to remain within the continent. Bangladeshis in India constitute the single largest "bilateral migrant stock" in the global south; 3.2 million Bangladeshi citizens live in India. Migrants from other south Asian countries account for over 97% of all foreign immigrants in India.

Globally, Mexicans in the United States (12.2 million) constitute the largest bilateral migrant stock. Afghans in Pakistan (2.4 million) and Iran (2 million), Turkish people in Germany (2.8 million), Indians in the United States (1.6 million) and Indians in Saudi Arabia (1.4 million) are among the other major international migrant populations."



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